Bakers and flour confectioners


Average Annual Pay

Annual Survey of Hours and Earning 2017


Average Weekly Hours

Annual Survey of Hours and Earning 2015


Unemployment Rate

Labour Force Survey 2018

Future employment projections (Working Futures UK)


Bakers and flour confectioners prepare and bake dough, pastry and cake mixtures and make and finish flour confectionary products by hand.


There are no formal academic entry requirements. Training is typically received on-the-job or by apprenticeship. Apprenticeships and traineeships leading to NVQs/SVQs at Levels 2 and 3 are available.

Typical tasks

  • weighs ingredients according to recipe;
  • mixes ingredients using hand or machine to obtain the required consistency;
  • rolls and cuts pastry, stretches, kneads and moulds dough to form bread, rolls and buns;
  • fills and glazes pastry, mixes ingredients for cakes;
  • bakes bread, pastry and cakes;
  • makes cake decorations, spreads icing, fillings and toppings on products.

Common job titles

Maker (flour confectionery mfr)
Superintendent (biscuit mfr)
Maker, cake (flour confectionery mfr)
Designer (flour confectionery mfr)
Baker, master
Maker, confectionery
Manager, baker's
Decorator, cake
Specialist, sugarcraft
Foreman (bakery)
Assistant, confectioner's (flour confectionery mfr)
Superintendent (flour confectionery mfr)
Baker and confectioner
Confectioner, flour
Boardman (bakery)
Manager, bakery
Hand, pastry
Hand, first (bakery)
Cook, pastry (bakery)
Superintendent (bakery)
Pastrycook (bakery)
Assistant, baker's
Foreman (flour confectionery mfr)
Man, table (bakery)
Artist, cake
Foreman, bakery
Foreman, plant (bakery)
Manufacturer (flour confectionery mfr)

Education background

Destination of Leavers survey, supplied by the Higher Education Statistics.