Many people find that there are common barriers impeding their ability to access learning. These include:
|Social and cultural barriers||peer pressure and family background|
|Practical and personal barriers||transport; time; disability; caring responsibilities; childcare; finance; cost; age; language; and lack of access to information|
|Emotional barriers||lack of self-esteem or confidence due to low skills levels; negative personal experience of learning; previously undetected or unaddressed learning disabilities; social problems such as unemployment, abuse or bullying|
time off; access; discrimination; unsupportive managers; shift work; isolation
In addition to other common barriers to learning, around 1.5 million people in the UK have learning disabilities. Learning disabilities affect how people understand information, communicate, or learn new skills, and include difficulty reading, difficulty writing, and difficulty with mathematics. The severity of a learning disability varies from person to person.
There are specific learning disabilities which can be independent of other conditions, such as dyslexia. Some conditions, such as Down’s Syndrome, are always associated with a learning disability, whereas some conditions, such as autism, are only sometimes associated with a learning disability. Other conditions, such as Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), are not technically associated with a learning disability, but may still affect learning.