Average Annual Pay

Annual Survey of Hours and Earning 2018


Average Weekly Hours

Annual Survey of Hours and Earning 2018


Unemployment Rate

Labour Force Survey 2018

Future employment projections (Working Futures UK)


Chefs plan menus and prepare, or oversee the preparation of food in hotels, restaurants, clubs, private households and other establishments.


There are no formal academic requirements. Training is provided off- and on-the-job. NVQs/ SVQs, BTEC Certificates and Diplomas and foundation degrees are available. Apprenticeships leading to an NVQ/SVQ at Level 3 are also available. Courses are also run by private cookery schools.

Typical tasks

  • requisitions or purchases and examines foodstuffs from suppliers to ensure quality;
  • plans menus, prepares, seasons and cooks foodstuffs or oversees their preparation and monitors the quality of finished dishes;
  • supervises, organises and instructs kitchen staff and manages the whole kitchen or an area of the kitchen;
  • ensures relevant hygiene and health and safety standards are maintained within the kitchen;
  • plans and co-ordinates kitchen work such as fetching, clearing and cleaning of equipment and utensils.

Common job titles

Chef, pastry
Chef, head
Chef de partie
Chef de cuisine
Chef, development

Education background

Destination of Leavers survey, supplied by the Higher Education Statistics.