Civil engineers


Average Annual Pay

Annual Survey of Hours and Earning 2018


Average Weekly Hours

Annual Survey of Hours and Earning 2018


Unemployment Rate

Labour Force Survey 2018

Future employment projections (Working Futures UK)


Civil engineers undertake research and design, direct construction and manage the operation and maintenance of civil and mining engineering structures.


Civil engineers usually possess an accredited three or four-year degree in civil engineering or engineering science or an accredited Higher National Diploma or Certificate. The status of ‘incorporated engineer’ is obtained upon the completion of further training at work and associate membership of a chartered engineering institution. The status of ‘chartered engineer’ is achieved through the completion of postgraduate training and full membership of a chartered engineering institution.

Typical tasks

  • undertakes research and advises on soil mechanics, concrete technology, hydraulics, water and waste water treatment processes and other civil engineering matters;
  • determines and specifies construction methods, materials, quality and safety standards and ensures that equipment operation and maintenance comply with design specifications;
  • designs foundations and earthworks;
  • designs structures such as roads, dams, bridges, railways, hydraulic systems, sewerage systems, industrial and other buildings and plans the layout of tunnels, wells and construction shafts;
  • organises and plans projects, arranges work schedules, carries out inspection work and plans maintenance control;
  • organises and establishes control systems to monitor operational efficiency and performance of materials and systems.

Common job titles

Engineer, works, public
Surveyor, borough
Engineer, construction
Engineer, city
Inspector, highways, NRSWA (local government)
Engineer, quarrying
Modeller, hydraulic
Engineer, assistant (local government)
Engineer, health, public
Engineer, dock
Consultant, mining
Engineer, well
Engineer, county
Engineer, sanitary
Engineer, site (building construction)
Engineer, municipal
Engineer, maintenance, highways
Engineer, building
Engineer, drainage
Engineer, docks
Engineer, geotechnical
Engineer, resident
Inspector, network, highway, senior (local government)
Engineer, dredger
Engineer, maintenance (local government: highways dept)
Engineer, subsidence
Consultant (civil engineering)
Engineer, risk, flood, development
Engineer, demolition
Engineer, road
Engineer, drilling (mining)
Surveyor, county
Engineer, building and civil
Surveyor, district
Consultant, engineering, civil
Engineer, borough
Engineer, assistant (coal mine)
Engineer, mud (oil wells)
Engineer, tunnelling
Engineer, constructional
Engineer, highways
Engineer, mining
Engineer, reservoir
Engineer, risk, flood
Engineer, structural
Engineer, MWD
Engineer, contractor's
Engineer, district (railways)
Engineer, highway
Engineer, treatment, water
Engineer, water
Surveyor, divisional, county
Engineer, irrigation
Engineer, oil
Officer, works
Engineer, offshore
Engineer, civil
Engineer, defence, flood
Inspector, engineering (DETR)
Engineer, station (MOD)
Engineer, oil and natural gas
Engineer, services, building
Engineer, boring
Engineer, sustainability (building construction)
Inspector, civils (local government: highways dept)
Surveyor, city
Engineer, incorporated (civil engineering)
Engineer, aquaculture
Engineer, control, strata
Engineer, gas, natural
Engineer, assurance, flow
Engineer, field (oil wells)
Engineer, colliery
Engineer and architect
Engineer, petroleum

Education background

Destination of Leavers survey, supplied by the Higher Education Statistics.