Conservation professionals


Average Annual Pay

Annual Survey of Hours and Earning 2018


Average Weekly Hours

Annual Survey of Hours and Earning 2018


Unemployment Rate

Labour Force Survey 2018

Future employment projections (Working Futures UK)


Conservation professionals are responsible for ensuring that landscapes, habitats and species are protected and enhanced via appropriate management and conservation. They promote public understanding and awareness of the natural environment and help to develop and implement appropriate policies to achieve these objectives.


Entrants normally require a degree in a relevant subject, sometimes with a related postgraduate qualification. Entry is also possible with a relevant BTEC/SQA Award or HND. Prior practical work experience (which may be obtained on a voluntary basis) is needed for most posts. Additional on-the-job training is available.

Typical tasks

  • promotes and implements local and national biodiversity action plans, particularly with regard to threatened species and habitats;
  • carries out environmental impact assessments and field surveys;
  • implements, evaluates and monitors schemes for the management and protection of natural habitats;
  • provides advice and information to government at national and local levels, clients, landowners, planners and developers to facilitate the protection of the natural environment;
  • liaises with other groups in the selection and maintenance of the Protected Site System including Special Areas of Conservation (SACs), Ramsar sites, and Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSIs) and National Nature Reserves (NNRs);
  • maintains and develops knowledge in relevant policy areas within a national and European legislative context;
  • promotes conservation issues via educational talks, displays, workshops and literature and liaison with the media;
  • prepares applications for funding to other organisations, and assessing applications for funding from other organisations;
  • carries out research into aspects of the natural world.

Common job titles

Officer, field
Conservationist, marine
Manager, conservation
Consultant, ecological
Officer, heritage
Manager, park, national
Officer, development, rural
Manager, heritage
Officer, conservancy
Surveyor, field, biological
Officer, conservation, assistant (government)
Manager, countryside
Officer, district (Forestry Commission)
Officer, conservation, energy
Inspector, buildings, historic
Officer, access (local government:
Officer, park, national
Officer, divisional (Forestry Commission)
Officer, conservation, water
Officer, ecology
Scientist, landscape
Conservationist, nature, coastal
Officer, conservation, senior (government)
Officer, countryside
Officer, conservation (government)
Interpreter, heritage
Adviser, countryside
Adviser, conservation
Officer, conservation
Officer, access, countryside
Officer, conservation, chief (government)

Education background

Destination of Leavers survey, supplied by the Higher Education Statistics.